United States Patent Laws

The laws governing patents in the US were created to "to promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries."

A patent give certain rights to the inventor and excludes others from creating, using, putting up for sale, or exporting any of the components to be assembled outside the US and many other rights. The term of a patent in the United States is for 20 years from the claimed filing date along with patent term extension.

Before applying for a patent you must decide if you need a utility patent, design patent, or a plant patent. A utility patent is for those that invents or disovers a new or useful machine, article of manufacture, process, compostion of matters or a new useful improvement of one of the above. A design patent is for those that creates a new, original and ornamental design for an item of manufacuture. A plant patent is for those that invents of discovers and asexually reproduces any new plant.

Once you know what type of patent you need, all you do is file for a patent with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.